The difference between integrated circuits and chips
2022-04-11
  • Chips are a way of miniaturizing circuits in electronics. They are generally fabricated on the surface of semiconductor wafers. Chips are used in a wide range of functions. It is said that large and small electronic devices around us need chips, and chips are the soul of a device.

    If the central processing unit (CPU) is the heart of the entire computer system, then the chipset on the motherboard is the torso of the entire body. The chip can maximize the performance of the motherboard, just like an athlete, as long as he has the right equipment, he can exert his best ability in the right occasion.

    Today, FBelec distributor will explain the difference between integrated circuits and chips.

    The biggest difference between chips and integrated circuits is that they have different compositions, different functions, and different manufacturing methods.

    1. Different composition: a chip is a way to miniaturize circuits (mainly including semiconductor devices, but also passive components, etc.).

    2, and are often fabricated on the surface of semiconductor wafers. An integrated circuit is a tiny electronic device or component.

    2. Different functions: the chip can encapsulate more circuits. This increases capacity per unit area, which can reduce cost and increase functionality, see Moore's Law, the number of transistors in an integrated circuit , doubling every 1.5 years. All components of the integrated circuit have been integrated into a whole structure, making electronic components a big step towards miniaturization, low power consumption, intelligence and high reliability.

    3. Different production methods: the chip uses a single crystal silicon wafer (or III-V family, such as gallium arsenide) as the base layer, and then uses lithography, doping, CMP and other technologies to make MOSFET or BJT and other components, and then reuse Thin-film and CMP techniques are used to make wires, thus completing chip fabrication. Integrated circuits use a certain process to interconnect components and wirings such as transistors, resistors, capacitors and inductors required in a circuit, make them on a small or several small semiconductor wafers or dielectric substrates, and then package them in a tube. inside the shell.

    The above is the summary made by FBelec distributor on integrated circuits and chips. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact FBelec distributorTel:18868647636

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