Home / FBelec Products / Arduino & Robot / VHM Module Series
Picture Model No. Description Datasheet Order
12v car battery Bluetooth 4.0 tester diagnostic instrument BM2 Battery monitor Tester

FBARVMS-01

12v car battery Bluetooth 4.0 tester diagnostic instrument BM2 Battery monitor Tester

VHM-313 TPA3110 2x15W Bluetooth digital amplifier board Bluetooth ceiling speakers for background music

FBARVMS-02

VHM-313 TPA3110 2x15W Bluetooth digital amplifier board Bluetooth ceiling speakers for background music

VHM-314 MP3 Bluetooth audio receiver decoder board 4.1 lossless car audio amplifier diy module

FBARVMS-03

VHM-314 MP3 Bluetooth audio receiver decoder board 4.1 lossless car audio amplifier diy module

VHM-008 Battery charging and discharging module Integrated voltmeter Undervoltage and overvoltage protection Timing charging and discharging

FBARVMS-04

VHM-008 Battery charging and discharging module Integrated voltmeter Undervoltage and overvoltage protection Timing charging and discharging

VHM-000 battery charger protection switch battery charging control module overcharge protection board 30A

FBARVMS-05

VHM-000 battery charger protection switch battery charging control module overcharge protection board 30A

VHM-306 TPA3118 Bluetooth digital amplifier board 2X30W stereo retrofit Bluetooth speakers

FBARVMS-06

VHM-306 TPA3118 Bluetooth digital amplifier board 2X30W stereo retrofit Bluetooth speakers

VHM-003 Battery lithium battery charging control module Battery charging control protection switch 12-24V

FBARVMS-07

VHM-003 Battery lithium battery charging control module Battery charging control protection switch 12-24V

VHM-111 DC-DC digital booster board booster module high-power booster board booster 5-45V output 5A

FBARVMS-08

VHM-111 DC-DC digital booster board booster module high-power booster board booster 5-45V output 5A

VHM-013 timer module countdown switch board switch module 0-999 minutes one button timing

FBARVMS-09

VHM-013 timer module countdown switch board switch module 0-999 minutes one button timing

VHM-143 LM2596 Adjustable Buck Module DC Power Supply Digital Display Green Display DC-DC Wide Voltage

FBARVMS-10

VHM-143 LM2596 Adjustable Buck Module DC Power Supply Digital Display Green Display DC-DC Wide Voltage

VHM-902 dual 30-bit LED music spectrum level audio LED indicator stereo amplifier board DIY

FBARVMS-11

VHM-902 dual 30-bit LED music spectrum level audio LED indicator stereo amplifier board DIY

VHM-009 battery over-discharge protection module low-voltage protection board loss of power disconnect under-voltage low battery power off

FBARVMS-12

VHM-009 battery over-discharge protection module low-voltage protection board loss of power disconnect under-voltage low battery power off


VHM Module Series

  • VHM Module:


    Virtual Reality Technology,

    VHM-013 DC 12V Countdown Control Module - DIY-Kit

    1. Research direction of virtual reality technology

    Virtual reality is a comprehensive technology integrating computer graphics, man-machine interface technology, sensing technology, psychology, ergonomics and artificial intelligence. In Titanic, there is a scene of salvaging items left on a sunken ship with the help of helmet mounted display and remote manipulator; People who have participated in virtual role games and virtual communities will also be immersed in their realistic and telepresence experience. The common feeling they bring to people is that there is no obvious boundary between virtual and reality. The wide application prospect of virtual reality makes it one of the most influential technologies at present.VHM Timer Module Countdown Switch Board

    Virtual reality technology integrates computer graphics technology, computer simulation technology, sensor technology, display technology and other science and technology. It creates a virtual information environment in multi-dimensional information space, which can enable users to have an immersive sense, have the ability to interact with the environment, and help inspire ideas. It has become the construction of virtual prototype, It is an important tool to support virtual prototyping technology. Virtual prototype is a complex system, which is mainly manifested in complex composition relationship, complex interaction relationship with the external environment, complex development process, many simulation types and subject fields involved, wide application range and so on. Virtual prototype can be understood as using virtual reality technology to change product data into a digital model instead of physical prototype, emphasizing the visualization of simulation data and realistically displaying all product features in virtual environment. Virtual prototype is a model consortium composed of distributed, different tool developed and even heterogeneous sub models, mainly including product CAD model, product appearance model, product function and performance simulation model, various product analysis models (manufacturability, assembly line, etc.), product use and maintenance model and environment model. With the help of virtual prototype, designers can simulate various motion and dynamic characteristics of products in the real environment through mature three-dimensional computer graphics, and optimize the design scheme of products according to the simulation results. Virtual reality system generally consists of five key parts: virtual world, virtual reality software, computer, input device and output device.

    2. Research on Virtual Reality Modeling

    The modeling of virtual environment is the basis of VR, mainly including three-dimensional visual modeling and three-dimensional auditory modeling. Visual modeling mainly includes geometric modeling, kinematic modeling, physical modeling, object behavior modeling and model segmentation. Geometric modeling describes the shape (polygons, triangles, and vertices) and appearance (textures, surface reflections, colors) of an object. The object shape can be created from scratch through PHIGS, GL, XGL and other graphics libraries, but it is generally carried out with special modeling tools to improve efficiency. The simplest method is to use 3D modeling software, such as PROE, Adams, AutoCAD, etc. In order to obtain high-quality 3D database, special VR modeling tools are usually used, such as MultiGen, Vega, vrt3, etc. Motion modeling is mainly used to determine the position of 3D objects in the world coordinate system and their motion in the virtual world. The object motion is restricted by the parent-child hierarchical relationship, and the motion of the parent object will affect the child object. Another aspect of motion modeling is to set the way to observe the world, that is, the motion of the virtual camera. Finally, the camera image needs to be transformed and projected into the two-dimensional display window to provide visual feedback for users.

    Physical modeling comprehensively reflects the physical characteristics of the object, including weight, inertia, surface hardness, softness, deformation mode, etc. These features and the behavior of objects bring greater realism to the model of virtual world. The computational load required for physical modeling is assigned to the tactile rendering pipeline. Behavior modeling is mainly completed by virtual human. The behavior model of virtual human agent includes emotion, behavior rules and actions. The behavior of agent is hierarchical, and the bottom layer is reflective behavior. The reflection behavior is to block every time you see your opponent. Emotion based behavior filters perceptual data through like, dislike, anger and fear, so it is higher than simple reflective behavior. Model management includes technologies that help VR engine draw complex virtual environment at interactive speed without significant impact on simulation quality.


    Virtual reality interface

    Interface of input device

    Three dimensional position tracker: in virtual reality technology, the special hardware equipment used to measure the real-time change of the position and direction of three-dimensional objects is the tracker. In virtual reality applications, in order to control the observation direction and manipulate the objects, it is necessary to measure the movement of the user's head, hands and limbs. Another kind of information to be tracked is three-dimensional sound information. The performance parameters of the three bit tracker include: accuracy, jitter, deviation, and delay. The commonly used trackers are: mechanical trackers, electromagnetic trackers, AC electromagnetic trackers, DC electromagnetic trackers, ultrasonic trackers, optical trackers and hybrid inertial trackers.

    (1) Roaming and manipulation interface this interface is a device that allows interactive changes in the virtual environment and the view in the exploration process by selecting and manipulating virtual objects of interest. Roaming and manipulation can be completed in absolute coordinate system or relative coordinate system. Another method to control the position of virtual reality technology object is through relative sensor, that is, the receiver is relatively static, and the absolute position data will never be 0. For relative position sensor, if no action occurs, it always returns 0. The commonly used roaming and manipulation interfaces include: roaming / manipulation interface based on tracker, tracking ball and three-dimensional probe.

    (2) Gesture interface is a device to measure the real-time position of users' fingers. Its purpose is to realize the natural interaction based on gesture recognition in virtual environment. At present, most gesture interfaces are embedded with sensor gloves, which are used to measure the position of each finger relative to the head. The main differences between the various sensor gloves are: the type of sensor used, the number of sensors assigned to each finger, the sensing resolution, the sampling speed of the gloves, and whether they are wireless or range limited. Sensor gloves commonly used in the market include pinchglove, 5DT dataglove, didjigglove and cyberglove.


    Interface of output device

    As a kind of special hardware equipment, output devices provide users with feedback of simulation process on these inputs, and provide users with sensory channels for feedback through these interfaces, including vision (through graphic display device), hearing (through three-dimensional sound display device) and touch (through tactile display device).

    (1) Graphic display device is a computer interface device, which displays the synthesized world image to one or more users interacting with the virtual world. When describing a graphic display device, the following features can be used: type of image generated, image resolution, field of view, display technology, ergonomic factors and price. Nowadays, graphic display devices are divided into: personal graphic display devices (helmet mounted display, handheld display, ground supported display devices, desktop supported realistic devices), large display devices (large display devices based on monitors, projector based displays).

    (2) Sound display device is a kind of computer interface, which can provide synthetic sound feedback to users interacting with the virtual world. The sound can be mono or dual. The first three-dimensional sound generator was contracted by Crystal River Engineering for NASA in 1988. This fact data signal processor, called convol votron, consists of a set of PC compatible dual cards rotating in the housing. With the progress of digital signal processing (DSP) chips and microelectronics technology, today's convovotron is more compact. They are composed of a "convolution engine" that processes each sound source. Now the most commonly used is the three-dimensional sound based on speakers, and the simplest is stereo. In recent years, there have been relatively cheap PC three-dimensional sound cards. The DSP chip used processes the sound in stereo or 5.1 format, and outputs the real three-dimensional sound through convolution.

    (3) Tactile feedback can be divided into two modes: contact feedback and force feedback. Contact feedback transmits real-time information such as the geometry of the contact surface, the surface hardness, temperature and so on. It will not actively resist the user's touch movement and can not prevent the user from passing through the virtual surface. Force feedback provides real-time information such as virtual object surface compliance, object weight and inertia. It can actively resist the user's touch movement and prevent the movement. The commonly used tactile feedback interfaces are: tactile mouse, cybertouch gloves, temperature feedback gloves, force feedback joystick, phantom arm, hapticmaster arm, CyberGrasp gloves, cy berforce, etc.


    Virtual reality brain computer interface

    1. General

    Brain computer interface (BCI) is a new external information exchange and control technology that does not depend on the conventional brain information output pathway (peripheral nerve and muscle tissue) between the human brain and computers or other electronic devices. The first obvious use of BCI is to provide a new type of auxiliary motor function and means of external information exchange for people with normal thinking but incomplete motor function. Therefore, since the birth of BCI, the mainstream of its research and development is to control external devices and replace some missing functions of patients, or auxiliary text expression. Especially in recent years, BCI has made great progress in helping the disabled control prosthetics, wheelchairs, even spelling and typing, online games and so on. Recently, a novel BCI application mode has emerged in the field of multimedia and entertainment: combining BCI technology with virtual reality (VR) to form a new form of brain computer interface (bci-vr) based on virtual reality. The simplest way to realize the combination of BCI and VR is to design a BCI system that can provide users with immersive 3D virtual reality environment and on-site sensing feedback for real-time use. As soon as the new bci-vr technology appears, it shows unexpected scene effects and attractive application prospects at two levels.

    On the one hand, as the input device of bci-vr system, BCI innovates the input mode of traditional VR system, which may completely change the way of interaction with virtual environments (VE); At the same time, BCI is more intuitive than the traditional VR system input mode, which can be regarded as similar to tactile sensing and VE for interaction and control. On the other hand, VR technology has become a very useful information feedback tool in BCI system. Compared with BCI's traditional simple feedback mode (the screen displays scalable 2D color bars to reflect brain thinking information output), VE can provide BCI users with a more proactive, colorful and stimulating situational feedback mode (closely related to brain thinking information output). Therefore, VR feedback can improve the learnability of BCI and shorten the training time, and VE can be used as the cheapest, most realistic, most reliable and safest training and testing scenario for BCI users before field use. The emergence of bci-vr new technology not only greatly benefits its traditional users - disabled patients, but also is particularly welcomed by a wide range of healthy public users. It is expected to become a new favorite of intelligent games and fashion entertainment.

    In view of the fact that bci-vr new technology can take the advantages of both BCI and VR and complement each other, it has opened up the road of structural transformation and application innovation of these two technologies, showing attractive broad application prospects. This paper introduces the main research progress of bci-vr in recent years from the aspects of the basic composition of bci-vr system, the control transformation of BCI to VE and the feedback innovation of VR to BCI, and summarizes the existing difficulties and possible development trends in the future according to the author's experience, in order to communicate with readers and jointly promote the rapid development of bci-vr new technology.

CONTACT US

  • E-mail: sales@fbelec.com
  • Tel: 86-574-87793491
  • Add: 262#416Lane ZhaoHui Road YinZhou NingBo China
  • Phone: 18868647636
  • wechat

Copyright © 2021 NINGBO FBELE ELECTRONICS CO.,LTD. All Right Resrved Designed by www.followala.com

Sitemap | XML | Blog

×

Hello!

Welcome to text me on WhatsApp or send me an email to sales@fbelec.com

× Text me on whatsapp